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Review of maxillofacial injuries in Chennai, India: A study of 2748 cases

  • K. Subhashraj
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: 10, 8th cross, Brindavan, Pondicherry 605013, India. Tel.: +91 413 2225992; fax: +91 98941 89339.
    Affiliations
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sri Ramachandra Dental College and Hospital, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute. Porur, Chennai 600 116, India
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  • N. Nandakumar
    Affiliations
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sri Ramachandra Dental College and Hospital, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute. Porur, Chennai 600 116, India
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  • C. Ravindran
    Affiliations
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sri Ramachandra Dental College and Hospital, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute. Porur, Chennai 600 116, India
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      Abstract

      We reviewed the medical records of 2748 patients treated for maxillofacial injuries at Sri Ramachandra Medical and Dental College and Hospital between January 1999 and December 2005. 1332 (42%) had soft tissue injuries, 1176 (37%) had mid face fractures, and 512 (16%) had mandibular fractures. Most patients with midface fractures had fractures of the zygomaticomaxillary region 422 (36%), while fractures of the parasymphyseal region were more common in the mandible 156 (31%). Most patients were in the 21–30 year-old age group, and the male:female ratio was 3.7:1. Road crashes, particularly involving motorcycles, accounted for 1710 (62%), with a high prevalence during the month of September and on Saturdays.

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