Research Article| Volume 50, ISSUE 8, P774-778, December 2012

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Hydroxyapatite/collagen block with platelet rich plasma in temporomandibular joint ankylosis: a pilot study in children and adolescents

  • D. Mehrotra
    Corresponding author at: 4/207, Vivek Khand, Gomtinagar, Lucknow 226010, U.P., India. Tel.: +91 0522 2393841/4005152; mobile: +91 9335902322.
    Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, CSMMU (Formerly King George's Medical University), Lucknow, India
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  • S. Kumar
    Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, CSMMU (Formerly King George's Medical University), Lucknow, India
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  • S. Dhasmana
    Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, CSMMU (Formerly King George's Medical University), Lucknow, India
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Published:January 31, 2012DOI:


      The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using preshaped hydroxyapatite/collagen condyles as carriers for platelet-rich plasma after gap arthroplasty in patients with temporomandibular ankylosis, to assess the aesthetic and functional outcomes, and to find out if neocondylar regeneration was possible. We studied 19 patients with temporomandibular joint ankylosis (25 joints), in whom preshaped hydroxyapatite/collagen condyles with platelet-rich plasma were fixed to the ramus with a titanium miniplate, and temporal fascia was placed in between. We evaluated the type of ankylosis, mouth opening before and after operation, deviation on mouth opening, lateral excursion, protrusion, postoperative anterior open bite, radiographic assessment, and complications. All patients showed appreciable improvements in mouth opening and excursion of the jaw. There were a few complications such as mild fever, and temporary involvement of the facial nerve, which improved with time. No open bite or recurrence was reported during the 18 months’ follow up. Radiographic evaluation at 3 months showed a less opaque condyle, but the opacity at 18 months was more defined, suggesting a newly formed condyle. A preshaped hydroxyapatite/collagen condyle with platelet-rich plasma improves both aesthetics and function. However, a long term study is required to follow the growth patterns to see if the patients develop any facial deformity as they grow.


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