Introduction: Facial gunshot wounds frequently represent a complex challenge for the surgeon. The extent of soft tissue damage, immediately after injury, is typically not always apparent. High rates of significant tissue necrosis, ischemia, and infection further complicate reconstructive efforts. For optimal recovery, an appropriate reconstructive approach should involve three stages:
- 1.Initial stabilization.
- 2.Definitive reconstruction.
- 3.Secondary revision and rehabilitation.
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© 2012 Published by Elsevier Inc.