Odds ratio of risk factors for oral submucous fibrosis in a case control model

Published:August 29, 2012DOI:


      Our aim was to calculate the odds ratio (OR) of various epidemiological, social, behavioural, and dietary risk factors for oral submucous fibrosis in a population-based case control study. We did this in rural and urban Lucknow by organising oral health camps in the community, where a total of 3136 subjects were enrolled. Panmasala, a dry commercial preparation containing areca nut, slaked lime, catechu, and condiments, with or without tobacco, was the most important aetiological factor for the disease. The 95% confidence interval (CI) of the OR for tobaccoless panmasala ranged from 4.77 to 6.88 and for tobacco panmasala from 4.55 to 9.71. OR using multivariate analysis was 14.09 for tobaccoless panmasala and 5.39 for tobacco panmasala. Patients who use panmasala are at high risk of developing oral submucous fibrosis.


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