Endoscopic treatment of mandibular condylar fractures in live minipigs: benefits of the operative learning curve

Published:December 17, 2012DOI:


      Endoscopic treatment of mandibular condyle fractures is a minimally invasive technique that avoids the complications of open reduction and internal fixation. We have used live minipigs as an animal model for learning and training the technique. Fourteen condylar fractures were created, reduced, and internally plated in 7 minipigs using an endoscopic approach by a surgeon with no previous experience of the technique. The mandibles were reduced and fixed successfully in each animal. Operating time was reduced as the surgeon became more familiar with the technique. Minipigs are useful as a model for the endoscopic approach to the treatment of mandibular condylar fractures. Surgeons have the opportunity to train and gain surgical endoscopic experience before treating patients.


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