Research Article| Volume 58, ISSUE 9, e57-e61, November 2020

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Cone-beam computed tomographic study of the persistent foramen tympanicum according to age, sex, and skeletal patterns


      This cross-sectional study evaluated the influence of prevalence, laterality and diameter of persistent foramen tympanicum (PFT) in cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) scans of adult patients with different sagittal skeletal patterns, sex and age. CBCT of 510 patients were assessed for the presence of PFT. Skeletal pattern, age and sex of the affected patients were recorded, as well as laterality and diameter of PFT. Differences were tested using the one-way ANOVA, chi squared and paired-t tests, at α=5%. A total of 49 (9.7%) patients presented with PFT; 36 (73.5%) were women (p<0.01) aging from 31-50 years (p>0.05), with Class III skeletal pattern (p>0.05). The unilateral/bilateral ratio was 3.9:1 (p<0.01). No correlation was found between the PFT diameters with sex and age, but differences were found between the classes, with the largest diameters in Class II individuals (p=0.046). The prevalence of PFT in CBCT scans was 9.7%, with women being more affected, with unilateral defects in most cases. Skeletal patterns did not have significant effects on PFT prevalence, although PFT diameter varied among classes, with higher measures in Class II individuals.


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