Research Article| Volume 58, ISSUE 9, P1123-1127, November 2020

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Secondary correction of premaxilla in bilateral cleft lip and palate with lag-screw fixation


      It is not unusual for the protruding premaxilla to attain an undesirable position after cleft lip repair. Such a premaxilla may lead to considerable problems in facial aesthetics, or oral functions, or both in early childhood. These abnormal premaxillas may produce difficulties in bone grafting and orthodontic treatment in late childhood. In such cases, surgical correction of the premaxilla in childhood is justified. From 2013 to 2018, 11 children, aged 2 to 11 years, had a secondary ostectomy of their premaxilla. A new stabilisation method (developed by us) was used to provide rigid fixation to the premaxilla. The follow up period ranged from 1 - 6 years. The results were satisfactory in all except for a few minor issues in three patients. There was significant improvement in their appearance, oral functions, and most importantly in their quality of life. The need for secondary osteotomy of the premaxilla should always be weighed against its potential complications. The fixation technique described by us, though, provides rigid fixation, but may potentially be associated with a few complications if not practised carefully.


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