Research Article| Volume 58, ISSUE 9, e75-e79, November 2020

Spontaneous oral ulceration with bone sequestration: its relevance in current clinical practice


      Oral ulceration associated with bony exposure and sequestration is uncommon and often related to well-recognised conditions. In a small group of patients no obvious aetiological factors can be elucidated, and various terminologies have been utilised to describe these lesions. We report six cases of spontaneous oral ulceration with bone sequestration as a specific entity and review the pertinent literature. We retrospectively reviewed patients presenting in the period 2013-2018. Data collected included demographic details, relevant medical, drug, and radiotherapy history; presentation, investigations, management, and outcome. Six patients with an age range of 49-65 years were identified with spontaneous oral ulceration with bone sequestration in the study period. All were males, and none had any relevant history. Five lesions occurred over the mylohyoid ridge and one was related to a lingual mandibular torus. The most common presentation was a painful ulcer with exposed bone, which had been present for 6 - 12 weeks. Occlusal radiographs demonstrated focal rarefaction in two patients. All were managed conservatively and by removal of the loose sequestrum. Healing occurred successfully in all cases, and this was earlier when the loose sequestrum was removed. Spontaneous oral ulceration with bone sequestration is a distinct lesion that most often presents over the prominence of the mylohyoid ridge. It is currently an uncommon entity (0.02%), but this could well be due to a lack of recognition and under-reporting. It should be considered as a diagnosis only when other causes have been excluded. Lesions heal successfully with conservative management and surgical intervention, and this occurs earlier following removal of the loose sequestrum.


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