Autogenous grafts for reconstruction arthroplasty in temporomandibular joint ankylosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis


      Autogenous methods for reconstruction arthroplasty (RA) for the surgical management of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have been extensively reported. The present review was aimed to systematically review and pool data on clinical outcomes of autogenous grafts for RA in subjects with TMJ ankylosis. Major electronic databases and prominent subject-specific journals were searched up to December 2020. Randomised controlled trials (RCT), cohort studies, and retrospective studies reporting outcomes of autogenous grafts for RA in TMJ ankylosis were included. A total of 35 studies with 700 subjects was included. The most commonly employed grafts were costochondral grafts (CCG) and coronoid process grafts. Postoperative change in maximum incisor opening (MIO) was comparable amongst all grafts and was in the clinically acceptable range (27.21–31.38 mm). The recurrence rate was comparable for all grafts and was ≈ 8% except for coronoid grafts, where the recurrence rate was 2.98%. Growth assessment for CCG revealed that 55.89%, 30.89%, and 13.24% of subjects depicted optimal growth, overgrowth, and undergrowth, respectively. Within the limitations of the present review, the recurrence rate for all grafts was comparable except for coronoid graft, which depicted least recurrence rate and resultant postoperative change in MIO was in the clinically acceptable range.


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