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Effect of compression on mandibular fracture haematoma-derived cells

      Abstract

      Mechanical stress induces a variety of biochemical and morphological reactions in bone cell biology. This study aimed to investigate appropriate pressures of osteogenesis on the biological responses of 3-dimensional cultured human mandibular fracture haematoma-derived cells by compressive loading. Six patients with mandibular fractures who underwent open reduction and internal fixation were included in the study. During the operation, fracture haematomas that formed fibrin clots were manually removed before irrigation. First, pressures were applied to human mandibular fracture haematoma-derived cell-seeded collagen sponges. The sponges were subjected to mechanical compression using loading equipment applied at no compression, 0.5, or 1 mm. Compressive loading was applied to the samples prior to compression for 0, 6, 12, or 24 hours. Collagen sponge samples were collected for quantification of mRNA using several parameters including alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteopontin (OPN), osterix (OSX), runt-related gene 2 (RUNX2), protein level, and immunocytochemistry (anti-sclerostin). Among these the 0.5 mm compression group compared with the control and 1.0 mm compression groups upregulated mRNA expression of OPN and OSX after 24 hours. Additionally, compared with the control group, a significantly higher OSX gene expression was observed in both the 0.5 mm and 1.0 mm groups after 6, 12, and 24 hours of compression (p < 0.05). However, no significant differences were observed regarding ALP and RUNX2 expression. These results indicated increased stimulation of osteogenesis of the mandibular fracture-line gap in the 0.5 mm compression group compared with the control and 1.0 mm compression groups.

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